How to make Wudhu

1- Say Bismillah  (In the Name of Allah).
Abu Hurairah (radhiAllaahu’ anhu) said that Rasoolullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said There is no wudoo for him who does not mention Allaah’s name upon it. [Reported by Ibn Maajah (no.399), At-Tirmidhee (no.26), Abu Dawood (no.101) and others. Ash-Shaikh al-Albaani says: hadeeth Saheeh (Saheeh ul-Jaarni’, no.7444)].

2-  Wash the right hand up to and including the wrists.  Make sure to  while rub and  rub  between the  fingers of the hand. And thus make sure no part of the hand is left dry.  Three  times
Humraan (radhiAllaahu’anhu) narrates that ‘Uthmaan called for water to make wudoo and washed his hands three times… then said: I saw Rasoolullah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)make wudoo just as I have made wudoo . [Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim, and as preceded].
And in the hadeeth of Abdullaah ibn Zaid (radhiAllaahu’anhu) he was asked about the wudoo of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), so he called for a bowl of water and made wudoo from it as the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) made wudoo, and he poured out water from the bowl upon his hand and washed it three times. [Al-Bukhaaree (al Fath, l/255), Muslim, 3/121].

Aus ibn Abi Aus reports from his grandfather (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) who said: I saw Rasoolullah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) make wudoo washing his hands three times. [Ahmad (4/9), An-Nasaa’ee (1/55) – with saheeh isnaad].

3- Make a cup with the right hand then from this hand take water into your mouth and swirl it inside the mouth and then expel out of mouth. then sniff remaining water from the cupped right hand and sniff water into the nose and then blow the water out and using the  left hand  remove the water from your nose. Do this three times

Abdullaah ibn Zaid al-Ansaaree said that it was said to him: Perform for us the wudoo of Rasoolullah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), so he called for a pot of water. Until he said: So he washed his mouth and nose with a single handful and did that three times. [Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim].
In the hadeeth of ‘Amr ibn Yahyaa (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) he said: And he washed his mouth and nose using three handfuls of water. [Muslim, 3/123].

Al-Imam an-Nawawi says: And in this hadeeth is a clear proof for the correct opinion that the sunnah in washing the mouth and nose is that it should be with three handfuls of water – washing the mouth and nose [together] with each of them.

Abu Hurairah (radhiAllaahu’anhu) narrates that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said When one of you makes wudoo then let him enter water into his nose, then expel it. [Al-Bukhaaree (al-Fath, 1/229), Muslim (no.237), Abu Dawood (no. 140)].

in the hadeeth of Laqeet (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) who said: O Rasoolullah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), inform me of the wudoo . He said Complete the wudoo and rub between the fingers and exert in breathing in the water into the nose unless you are fasting. [Abu Dawood, no.l42; At-Tirmidhee, no.38; An-nasaa’ee, no.ll4; IbMaajah, no.407; and others]. (Declared as saheeh by Ibn Hibbaan and al-Haalcim, and adh-Dhahabee agreed to that. Also declared as saheeh by Ibn al Qaataan, An-Nawawi and Ibn Hajr. Refer to the footnote in al-Baghawi’s Sharh us-Sunnah: 1/417

‘Abd Khair said: We were sitting looking towards ‘Alee – as he made wudoo – and he entered into his mouth a handful of water with his right hand and washed his mouth and nose, then expelled it from his nose with his left hand – he did that three times, then said: Whoever would like to see the way of purification of Rasoolullah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) – then this is his purification. [Reported by ad-Daarimee. Ash-shaikh al-Albaanee says in his notes on al-Mishkaat: Its isnaad is saheeh]

4- Wash the face three times, from the hairline to the jawbone and chin, and from start of the ear to start of the ear
A man should wash the hair of his beard  by taking a handful of water and entering it below his chin and rubbing it through his beard and passing the wet fingers through the beard.

Humraan ibn Abaan narrates that ‘Uthmaan (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) called for water to make wudoo and so mentioned the way in which the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) made wudoo . Humraan said: Then he washed his face three times. [Al-Bukhaaree (al-Fath, 1/312), Muslim (no.226)].
‘Uthmaan (radhiAllaahu’anhu) narrates that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) used to run his (wet fingers) through his beard. [At-Tirmidhee (no.31), Ibn Maajah (no.430), Ibn Jaarood (p.43) and al-Haakim (1/14~) who declared its isnaad as saheeh as did Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn Hibbaan. See the note in al-Baghagawi’s Sharh us-Sunnah, 1/421].

Anas (radhiAllaahu’anhu) narrates that the Prophet (sallallaahu’alaihi wa sallam), when he made wudoo , used to take a handful of water and enter it below his chin and rub it through his beard and said This is what my Lord – the Great and Exalted – has ordered me to do. [Abo Dawood (no.145), al-Baihaqee (1/54), al-Haakim (1/149). Ash-Shaikh al-Albaani declares it to be saheeh (Saheeh ul-Jaami’, no.4572)].

5- Wash the arms  up to  and including  the hands, between fingers &elbow.  Three times.

Humraan ibn Abaan reports that ‘Uthmaan (radhiAllaahu’anhu) called for water for wudoo and mentioned the Prophet’s (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) way of making wudoo – and Humraan said: Then he washed his right arm including the elbow three times, then the left in the same way. [Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim as has preceded].

Jaabir (radhiAllaahu’anhu) said that when the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallarn) made wudoo , he would pass the water over his elbows. [Reported by ad-Daaraqutnee (1/15), al-Baihaqee (1/56) and others – Ibn Hajr declared it to be hasan. And Ash-Shaikh al-Albaanee declared it to be saheeh (Saheeh ul-Jaami’, 4547)].

The proof in this matter is the hadeeth of Nu’aim ibn Mijmar who said: I saw Abu Hurairah make wudoo – he washed his face and completed the wudoo , then washed his right hand until he reached the upper arm, then his left hand till he reached the upper arm” – then in the end of the hadeeth he said: “This is how I saw Rasoolullah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) make wudoo . [Muslim, 1/246]

6- Wet your  hands in water,  Place both hands  at the front of the head  (beginning of hairline) and wipe the head  backwards until you reach the nape.  Then  bring them back to the front of the head (beginning of hairline). This is done  once only.

Al-Bukhaari (185) and Muslim (235) narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Zayd (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he described the wudoo’ of the Prophet [an error occurred while processing this directive] (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): … Then he wiped his head with his hands, front to back. He started at the front of the head and (wiped) until his hands reached the back of the head, then he brought them back to where he started

7- Clean the ears by inserting the tips of the index fingers into the ears. Twist them round the folds of the ears. Then wipe the back of the ears with your thumbs. From bottom of the ear upwards. ONCE ONLY

From ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr – about the way of performing wudoo – he said: Then he (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) wiped his head and entered his two forefingers into his ears and wiped the backs of his ears with his thumbs. [Reported by Abu Dawood (no.135), an-Nasaa’ee (no.140), Ibn Maajah (no.422) and authenticated by Ibn Khuzairnah].

8- Wash the  right feet up to  and including  the ankles, three times.

Ibn ‘Umar (radhiAllaahu ‘anhumaa) said: Rasoolullah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) fell behind us and then came upon us during a journey, then we found him and it was time for ‘Asr – so we began to make wudoo and wipe over our feet, so he (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) called out at the top of his voice Woe to the ankles from the Fire. (two or three times) [Al-Bukhaaree (al Fath, 1/232) and Muslim, 3/128].

‘Abdullah b. ‘Amr reported: We returned from Mecca to Medina with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him), and when we came to some water on the way, some of the people were in a hurry at the time of the afternoon prayer and performed ablution hurriedly; and when we reached them, their heels were dry, no water had touched them. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: Woe to (dry) heels, because of Hell-fire. Make your ablution thorough.

( Muslim Book 002, Number 0468)

9- The Du’aa After the Wudoo

Ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu.

( I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah alone, with no partner or associate, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.)

Allaahumm aj’alni min al-tawwaabeena waj’alni min al-mutatahhireena

(  O Allaah, make me one of those who repent and make me one of those who purify themselves)

According to another hadeeth narrated in Sunan al-Nasaa’i, one of the things that may also be said after wudoo’ is: “Subhaanaka Allaahumma wa bi hamdika, ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill anta, astaghfiruka wa atoobu ilayka

(Glory and praise be to You, O Allaah,  I bear witness that there is no god but You, I seek Your forgiveness and I repent to You).

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